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Russia’s Political Prisoners Directory

INDIVIDUALS CLASSIFIED AS RUSSIA’S POLITICAL PRISONERS

BY THE MEMORIAL HUMAN RIGHTS CENTER

(as of June 14, 2021)

This directory, produced by American Russian-speaking Association for Civil & Human Rights, is based on the Memorial Human Rights Center (MHRC) Russian-language list of political prisoners considered the most authoritative and frequently cited by representatives of U.S. Government and international institutions. By MHRC’s own admission, it is not exhaustive, and not all information is fully verifiable due mostly to government secrecy in many of these cases. The inclusion of an individual in this list does not imply approval of his or her statements or actions on the part of MHRC or us. (MHRC criteria for inclusion in the list can be found here). Our directory includes, among others:

  • 63 individuals prosecuted directly or ostensibly for their political activities (including Alexey Navalny);
  • 12 individuals prosecuted for their actual or alleged relationship to another country or political activities there;
  • 245 individuals prosecuted for affiliation with one of the four Muslim organizations prohibited in Russia (including 206 for actual or alleged involvement with Hizb ut-Tahrir);
  • 60 Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Notably, 78 individuals on this list (i.e. more than one fifth of the total) are residents of Crimea, Ukraine.

Prisoners are listed with their current terms of sentencing or detention and the brief nature of charges and ranked (with few exceptions) from the longest terms of imprisonment to house arrests; for those sentenced for more than one type of punishment only the most severe or lengthy term is mentioned.

Alexey NAVALNY (b. 1976), Russia’s best-known political prisoner. In 2013, was sentenced to a suspended imprisonment for alleged embezzlement, in a trial that was found by the European Court of Human Rights to be “arbitrary, unfair and manifestly unreasonable”. In 2021, upon returning to Russia after treatment for poisoning (with an international investigation directly implicating FSB agents in his assassination attempt), got his suspended sentence replaced with a 2-year-8-month term in penal colony. Navalny won 2nd place with 27% of the votes in the mayoral election in Moscow City (2013) but was denied registration as a candidate for Russia’s presidency in 2018 due to his 2013 conviction.

Alexey PICHUGIN (b. 1962), Russia’s longest-serving political prisoner; arrested in 2003 while working as business security manager at Yukos Oil Company; charged with involvement in murders and attempted murders of alleged Yukos competitors; sentenced in 2007 to life imprisonment; the European Court of Human Rights found that the trials of Pichugin violated his right to fair trial and his presumption of innocence. The United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention found his imprisonment to be in violation of the Universal Declaration on Human Rights and of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and requested Russian authorities to release him immediately and accord him an enforceable right to compensation and other reparations. His multiple requests for pardon have been denied.

Rasul KUDAEV (b. 1978); arrested in 2005, sentenced in 2014 for life imprisonment for alleged participation in violent uprising in the city of Nalchik in Russia’s North Caucausus in 2005; multiple evidence showed that he was not present at the site of this uprising. Prior to 2005 Kudaev was held in jail in Afghanistan by the Taliban on charges of spying and later by the U.S. in Guantanamo, from where he was transferred to Russia. Kudaev’s verdict was largely based on his confessions which he later said he had given under torture; his torture was also corroborated by other witnesses. His latest public appeal to Russia’s authorities about continuing torture of him was published in 2017.

I. OPPOSITION ACTIVISTS AND CRITICS OF THE AUTHORITIES (62 people):

Ten young men convicted of alleged membership in anti-Nazi/anarchist group ‘Syet’ (Network) classified by the prosecution as ‘terrorist’ (and some additionally charged with involvement in drug trafficking and illegal weapons possession), with verdicts based, according to Memorial, on fabricated evidence or confessions extracted by torture which was documented by a civilian oversight agency; the UN Committee against torture has expressed its concern to Russia that ‘no criminal prosecution has been brought with respect to allegations of torture, including those made by … eight members of the group called “Network”’:

Dmitry PCHELINTSEV (b. 1992), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Ilya SHAKURSKY (b. 1996), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Andrey CHERNOV (b.1989), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony

Maksim IVANKIN (b. 1994), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Mikhail KULKOV (b. 1994), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony

Vasily KUKSOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 9 years in penal colony

Viktor FILINKOV (b. 1994), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 7 years in penal colony

Arman SAGYNBAEV (b. 1992), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Yuly (Yulian) BOYARSHINOV (b. 1991), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 5 years 3 months in penal colony

Igor SHISHKIN (b. 1991), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 3 years 6 months in penal colony as part of his guilty plea deal

Aleksandr SHESTUN, Ph.D. (b. 1964), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony for alleged bribery and fraud in his capacity of a district-level executive official, with charges widely viewed by human rights experts as politically motivated by his public criticisms of regional and federal authorities and his plans to run for re-election against their will

Yury DMITRIEV (b. 1956), historian and human rights defender, internationally recognized for documenting mass executions committed by the Stalin regime in Sandarmokh, Karelia; in jail intermittently since 2016, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony on charges of sexual activities with a minor; as stated by UN human rights experts, his right to fair trial has been violated, proceedings against him ‘do not appear to be reasonably established and substantiated by the evidence’, and ‘the Russian authorities have sought to silence him by attacking his personal integrity, and thus the legitimacy of his historical work’

Airat DILMUKHAMETOV (b. 1966), in jail since 2019, opposition politician repeatedly imprisoned in the past; sentenced to 9 years in penal colony for publishing a video calling for a renegotiation of Bashkortostan’s relations with the federal government

Three individuals convicted of allegedly planning to commit ‘terrorist’ acts in Moscow as part of the never-launched ‘revolution’ of November 5, 2017 that was promised by a fringe opposition politician; all three men have been in jail since Nov. 2, 2017; evidence against them is characterized by MHRC as fabricated by the authorities:

Oleg DMITRIEV (b. 1979), sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Oleg IVANOV (b. 1977), sentenced to 7 years in penal colony

Sergey OZEROV (b. 1972), sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Two young men convicted of planning to hold protest rally without permit in Rostov-on-Don as part of the same ‘revolution’ of November 5, 2017 (both in jail since that date and both sentenced to 4 years in penal colony):

Vladislav MORDASOV (b. 1996)

Yan SIDOROV (b. 1999)

Three critics of Russia’s interference in Ukraine jailed in 2017 and convicted of participation in an opposition organization allegedly planning to seize power in Kaliningrad Region and separate it from Russia:

Aleksandr ORSHULEVICH (b. 1987), sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Igor IVANOV (b. 1996), sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Aleksandr MAMAEV, known as Fr.Nikolay (b. 1960), priest of Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Four individuals convicted of alleged participation in an underground opposition organization ‘Novoe velichie’ (‘New Greatness’), viewed by Memorial and other human rights agencies as concocted by government agents:

Ruslan KOSTYLENKOV (b. 1993), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 6 years 9 months in penal colony; verdict based on his confessions viewed by human rights advocates as extracted by torture, which was documented by an independent oversight agency

Pyotr KARAMZIN (b. 1986), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 6 years 3 months in penal colony

Vyacheslav KRYUKOV (b. 1998), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Pavel REBROVSKY (b. 1986), in jail intermittently since 2018, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Azat MIFTAKHOV (b. 1993), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 6 years for alleged plans to use explosives and other violence against government agencies, with verdict based on his confessions viewed by Memorial and other human rights experts as extracted by torture; the American Mathematical Society’s Committee on the Human Rights of Mathematicians has asked that ‘the U.S. State Department consider including the discussion of the Azat Miftakhov’s case during the June 16 summit between Presidents Biden and Putin’

Darya POLYUDOVA (p. 1989), leader of a leftwing opposition group, formerly political prisoner in 2015-17, jailed again in 2020, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony for advocating for the Kurile Islands and other territories to secede from Russia

Ivan LYUBSHIN (b. 1982), in jail intermittently since 2019, sentenced to 5 years 2 months in penal colony for online posts classified by the prosecution as expressions of support for a terrorist explosion at an FSB building in the city of Arkhangelsk

Sergey LAVROV (b. 1991), in jail or under house arrest since 2019, sentenced to 5 years in penal colony and compulsory psychiatric treatment for several online posts calling for, or approving of, a future revolution

Vladislav SINITSA, blogging under the name of Maks Steklov (b. 1989), sentenced to 5 years in jail for an online post viewed by the prosecution as advocating for violence against children of police officers in the context of a violent crackdown on opposition rallies in Moscow

Six individuals convicted of allegedly trying to resist the police dispersing the rally in support of the opposition candidates that were denied registration in Moscow City elections in 2019 (all six in jail since 2019):

Kirill ZHUKOV (b. 1990), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years 6 months in a colony

Yevgeny KOVALENKO (b. 1971), sentenced to 3 years 3 months in penal colony

Yegor LESNYKH (b. 1984), sentenced to 3 years in a colony

Eduard MALYSHEVSKY (b. 1972), sentenced to 2 years 9 months in penal colony

Maksim MARTINTSOV (b. 1993), sentenced to 2 years 6 months in a colony

Sergey SUROVTSEV (b. 1989), sentenced to 2 years 6 months in penal colony

Andrey BOROVIKOV (b. 1988), environmental activist and employee of Alexey Navalny’s regional office, jailed for 2 years 6 months for sharing online a song of the Rammstein band, classified by the prosecution as pornographic

Valery YEVSIN (b. 1988), in jail since 2021, sentenced to 2 years in penal colony for physically confronting a policeman at a pro-Navalny rally in Moscow

Pavel ZELENSKY (b. 1981), employee of Navalny’s Anti-Corruption Foundation established by Navalny; in jail since 2021, sentenced to 2 years in penal colony for anti-government tweets in response to the self-immolation of opposition journalist Irina Slavina

Nine leaders and activists of the Ingush ethnic minority convicted or currently in pre-trial detention or house arrest for a 2019 peaceful protest rally in Ingushetia’s capital Magas against administrative border changes:

Magomed KHAMKHOEV (b. 1987), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 3.5 years in penal colony for alleged incitement to violence against law enforcement agents

Akhmed BARAKHOEV (b. 1954), in jail since 2019, on trial for alleged ‘organization of an extremist group’ and ‘organization of violence’ against law enforcement agents

Musa MALSAGOV (b. 1972), chair of the Ingush National Unity Committee, co-chair of the World Congress of the Ingush People, chair of the Ingush branch of the Russian Red Cross; in jail since 2019; on trial for the same charges

Malsag UZHAKHOV (b. 1952), in jail since 2019, on trial for the same charges

Ismail NALGIEV (b. 1991), in jail since 2019, on trial for the same charges

Zarifa SAUTIEVA (b. 1978), in jail or under house arrest since 2019, on trial for the same charges

Bagaudin KHAUTIEV (b. 1990), head of the Council of Youth Organizations of Ingushetia, in jail since 2019, on trial for the same charges

Barakh CHEMURZIEV (b. 1969), leader of a civic organization, in jail since 2019, on trial for the same charges

Akhmed POGOROV (b. 1963), Ingushetia’s former chief of police, currently co-chair of the World Congress of the Ingush People, in pre-trial detention since 2021 on suspicion of ‘extremism’ and ‘organizing violence’ against law enforcement officers

Abdulmumin GADZHIEV (b. 1984), newspaper editor in Makhachkala, Dagestan; in pre-trial detention since 2019 in the city of Makhachkala for supporting charitable activities of a Muslim organization labeled as ‘extremist’ and ‘terrorist’ by the authorities and alleged participation in Muslim organizations prohibited in Russia

Rashid MAISIGOV (b. 1987), editor of an online opposition outlet, in jail or house arrest since 2019, sentenced for alleged drug possession based on the evidence that Memorial considers planted on him by government agents

Aleksandr GABYSHEV (b. 1968), hereditary Yakut shaman; since 2020 intermittently confined to psychiatric ward for compulsory treatment due to his promises to ‘exorcise’ Putin from the Kremlin)

Salman TEPSURKAEV (b. 2001), moderator of a human rights-oriented Telegram channel covering events in Chechnya and describing itself as a ‘popular movement against Kadyrov’s dictatorship’; in September 2020 was apparently abducted by Kadyrov’s agents, brought to Chechnya and subjected to humiliation and violence subsequently broadcast online; his forcible detention there was denounced by Council of Europe Human Rights Commissioner Dunja Mijatović who urged his immediate release.

Mikhail IOSILEVICH (b. 1976), in pre-trial detention since Jan. 2021, charged primarily with alleged involvement with Mikhail Khodorkovsky’s Open Russia

Five Navalny supporters put under pre-trial house arrest and charged with promoting participation in the rally for Navalny’s release on 1/23/2021, considered by the authorities a violation of COVID lockdown:

Maria ALYOKHINA (b. 1988), Pussy Riot member, former political prisoner in 2012-13

Dmitry BARANOVSKY (b. 1976), member of a district council in Moscow City

Oleg STEPANOV (b. 1992), activist of Navalny’s organization

Alexey VORSIN (b.1987), head of Navalny’s regional office in Khabarovsk

Kira YARMYSH (b. 1989), Navalny’s press officer

Four editors of student magazine DOXA charged with encouraging college students, via video post, to join Navalny’s rally and put under a pre-trial equivalent of house arrest with additional restrictions on communicating with the outside world:

Armen ARAMYAN (b. 1997)

Alla GUTNIKOVA (b. 1998)

Vladimir METYOLKIN (b. 1994)

Natalya TYSHKEVICH (b. 1994)

II. PERSECUTED FOR ALLEGED INVOLVEMENT IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES OR PARTICIPATION IN POLITICAL ACTIVITIES OUTSIDE OF RUSSIA (12 individuals):

Karina TSURKAN (b. 1974), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony for ‘espionage,’ i.e. allegedly passing to Moldova secret information about Russian energy supplies to secessionist government in East Ukraine’s Donbas

Two residents of Sevastopol, Crimea, dual citizens of Ukraine and Russia, charged with alleged pro-Ukrainian subversive activities:

Alexey BESSARABOV (b. 1976)

Vladimir DUDKA (b. 1964)

(both in jail since 2016, both sentenced to 14 years in penal colony)

Pyotr PARPULOV (b. 1955), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony for committing ‘high treason’ by sharing with a citizen of Georgia the information that was published several years earlier by the newspaper of Russia’s defense ministry

Andrey KOLOMIETS (b. 1993), Ukrainian with a temporary residence permit in Russia, in jail since 2015, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony for alleged assault of Ukrainian police officers during participation in the Maidan Revolution of 2014 in Kyiv i.e. outside of Russia’s jurisdiction.

Aleksandr MARCHENKO (b. 1971), Ukrainian citizen, in jail since 2019 after being transferred to Russia by Donbas’ secessionist authorities, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony for alleged espionage for Ukraine

Vladimir DOMNIN (b. 1966), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 9 years in penal colony for alleged participation in Ukrainian nationalist organizations on Ukrainian territory; was deported from the US in 2018 after asking for political asylum on the US-Mexican border

Oleg PRIKHODKO (b.1958), a resident of Crimea and an open critic of its occupation by Russia; in jail since 2019, sentenced to 5 years in penal colony for allegedly planning violent resistance to Russian forces in the occupied Crimea, based upon evidence that Memorial views as likely either fabricated or planted on him.

Gleb SHABLIY (b. 1975), Ukrainian, resident of Crimea, in jail since 2016, sentenced to 5 years in penal colony for allegedly producing and storing explosives which according to him were planted in his office in Sevastopol, Crimea by Russia’s law enforcement)

Aleksandr ATAMANOV (b. 1989), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 4 years 10 months for alleged recruitment into a Ukrainian nationalist organization and for alleged drug trafficking, with verdict based on questionable evidence, according to Memorial

Andrey KAZIMIROV (b. 1999), citizen of Belarus, charged by its authorities with participation in ‘mass disturbances’ i.e. protest rally and awaiting extradition there which was ordered by a Moscow court on May 27, 2021

Andrey PRILUTSKY (b. 1983), citizen of Belarus where he has been charged with alleged violence against law enforcement agent during a protest; in a Russian jail since 2020, has applied for asylum in Russia, this application is currently under review along with the Belarus government request for his extradition

III. UNCATEGORIZED (3 people):

Maksim SMYSHLYAEV (b. 1982), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony for conversations with a 17-year-old Ukrainian friend who allegedly discussed with him the theoretical possibility of manufacturing explosives for terrorist acts in Russia

Artyom ZAGREBELNY (b. 1993), in jail since 2020, sentenced to 3 years 10 months in penal colony for physical resistance to FSB agents who, according to the defendant, did not identify themselves while trying to arrest him in the elevator on suspicion of ‘extremist’ correspondence online, for which he has not been charged

Aitakhadzhi KHALIMOV (b. 1993), citizen of Kazakhstan, in jail since 2019, sentenced to 3 years 6 months for posting online videos of Russia’s military operations in Chechnya in the 1990s

IV. PERSECUTED FOR THEIR BELONGING TO RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS (306)

A) MUSLIMS (245):

206 individuals imprisoned for alleged involvement with Hizb ut-Tahrir (HuT, ‘the Party of Liberation’), banned in Russia as a ‘terrorist’ organization; these charges are frequently unproven or based upon confessions reportedly extracted by torture:

Rinat NURLYGAYANOV (b. 1991), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 24 years in penal colony

Rustem KHAMZIN (b. 1972), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 23 years in penal colony

Rais MAVLYUTOV (b. 1989), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 23 years in penal colony

Eduard NIZAMOV (b. 1977), in jail since 2018, charged with coordinating HuT cells throughout Russia, sentenced to 23 years in penal colony

Ruslan SUNGATOV (b. 1977), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 22 years and 1 day in penal colony

Danis FAIZRAKHMANOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 22 years in penal colony

Rafael FATTAKHOV (b. 1980), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 22 years in penal colony

Rustem GALLYAMOV (b. 1981), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 22 years in penal colony

Artur SALIMOV (b. 1986), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 22 years in penal colony

Linar VAKHITOV (b. 1983), leader of ‘For the Rights of Muslims’ organization in Bashkortostan; in jail since 2015, sentenced to 22 years in penal colony

Ilnar ZYALILOV (b. 1980); repeatedly sentenced for involvement in HuT since 2007, including to 5 years in jail in 2009; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 22 years in penal colony

Radik AKHMETOV (b. 1976), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 21 year in penal colony

Khalil MUSTAFIN (b. 1984), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 21 year in penal colony

Azamat KAYUMOV (b. 1982), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 20 years in penal colony

Rustem YAMALIEV (b. 1985), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 20 years in penal colony

Asgat KHAFIZOV (b. 1985), previously sentenced in 2011 to 1 year in penal colony for the same; in jail since 2014, currently sentenced to 19 years 2 months in penal colony

Azat ADIEV (b. 1978), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

Muslim ALIEV (b. 1971), head of the Muslim community in a Crimean village; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

Marlen ASANOV (b. 1977), activist of Crimean Tatar organization Crimean Solidarity; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

Ruslan GABIDULLIN (b. 1984), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

Azat GATAULLIN (b. 1974); previously sentenced in 2005 to 1-year jail term for involvement in HuT; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

Lenar SAITOV (b. 1987), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

Ilnar ZINNATOV (b. 1984), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

Ruzim DAVLETSHIN (b. 1988), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 18 years 6 months in penal colony

Enver BEKIROV (b. 1963); resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Memet BELYALOV (b. 1989); activist of Crimean Tatar organization Crimean Solidarity; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Pavel KHEVRONIN (b. 1986), in jail since 2014, sentenced to18 years in penal colony

Naimdzhon KHODZHAEV (b. 1979), citizen of Tajikistan residing in Moscow; in jail since 2015, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Irek MUKHAMETOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Enver OMEROV (b. 1961), Crimean Tatar activist, citizen of Ukraine and of Russia; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 18 years of imprisonment

Airat SHAKIROV (b. 1991), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Marat TULYAKOV (b. 1979), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Timur UZBEKOV (b. 1990), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 18 years in penal colony

Albert VALIULLIN (b. 1974), in jail since 2014; sentenced to 18 years in penal colony)

Anas GIMAZETDINOV (b. 1965), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 17 years 9 months in penal colony

Ilshat BATTALOV (b. 1986), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Amir KHAKIMULLIN (b. 1986), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Aider DZHAPPAROV (b. 1980), resident of Crimea, in jail since 2019, sentenced to 17 years of imprisonment

Rustem EMIRUSEINOV (b. 1980), Crimean Tatar activist with the Crimean Solidarity organization; in jail since 2019, sentenced to 17 years of imprisonment

Shamil GALIMOV (b. 1982), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Rainur IBATULLIN (b. 1989), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Nail YUNUSOV (b. 1989), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Karim IBRAGIMOV (b. 1963), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 17 years of imprisonment

Timur IBRAGIMOV (b. 1985), activist of Crimean Tatar organization Crimean Solidarity; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Sukhrob IRONOV (b. 1978), citizen of Tajikistan (where he previous served jail term for alleged participation in HuT) residing in Moscow, in jail since 2015, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Salavat KHABIROV (b. 1982), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Abdukakhor MUMINDZHANOV (b. 1978), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Enver SEITOSMANOV (b. 1986), Crimean Tatar activist, citizen of Ukraine and Russia; in jail since 2018, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Zafar YAKUBOV (b. 1984), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 17 years in penal colony

Enver MAMUTOV (b. 1975), a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 16 years 9 months in penal colony

Teimur ABDULLAEV (b. 1975), Crimean Tatar community activist; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 16.5 years in penal colony

Batyr MUKHAMETOV (b. 1990), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 16.5 years in penal colony

Bulat RAKHMANOV (b. 1990), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 16 years 3 months in penal colony

Aidar AIDARBEKOV (b. 1989), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Sergey DERZHIPILSKY (b. 1996), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Rais GIMADIEV (b. 1970), previously sentenced twice for alleged involvement in HuT; in jail since 2018, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Khamid IGAMBERDYEV (b. 1985), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Farhod NODIROV (b. 1983), citizen of Uzbekistan residing in Moscow; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Zafar NODIROV (b. 1969), citizen of Uzbekistan residing in Moscow; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Rakhmiddin KAMOLOV (b. 1989), citizen of Uzbekistan, resident of Moscow; activist of Central Asian Political Exiles Society and of an organization assisting asylum seekers; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Vadim KHABIROV (b. 1978), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Mirzobakhovaddin KURBONOV (b. 1990), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Eldar RAMAZANOV (b. 1984), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 16 years of imprisonment

Seiran SALIEV (b. 1985), activist of Crimean Tatar organization Crimean Solidarity; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Arslan SALIMZYANOV (b. 1986), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Albert SHAFIEV (b. 1988), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Alfred SHAIMOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Radik ZARIPOV (b. 1985), previously sentenced in 2009 to 4 years in penal colony for the same; in jail since 2014, currently sentenced to 16 years in penal colony

Bulat MAKHMUTOV (b. 1992), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 15 years 10 months in penal colony

Alisher KHUSENOV (b. 1991), citizen of Tajikistan residing in Moscow; in jail since 2015, sentenced to 15.5 years in penal colony

Ural ABDRAKHIMOV (b. 1992), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Akramzhon ABDULLAEV (b. 1976), resident of Crimea, citizen of Kyrgyzstan; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Farid KRYEV (b. 1965), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Komil MATIEV (b. 1980), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Akmalchon NUMONCHONOV (b. 1981), citizen of Tajikistan residing in the Moscow Region; in jail since 2015, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Zulfat SABIRZYANOV (b. 1988), Jordan-educated Islamic lawyer; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Mikhail TOPTYGIN (b. 1983), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Ruslan ZAINULLIN (b. 1990), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Ruslan ZEITULLAEV (b. 1985), resident of Crimea; in jail since 2015, sentenced to 15 years in penal colony

Zikrullokhon RAKHMONKHODZHAEV (b. 1975), citizen of Tajikistan; in jail since 2012, latest (2nd) sentence for belonging to HuT – to 14.5 years in penal colony

Renat GALIMOV (b. 1987), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony

Ilgiz GIMALETDINOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony

Server MUSTAFAEV (b. 1986), founder and leader of Crimean Tatar organization Crimean Solidarity; in jail since 2018, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony

Irek NASIROV (b. 1985), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony

Ruslan RAKHMATULLIN (b. 1987), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony

Rustem SALAKHUTDINOV (b. 1975), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony

Shamil SHARIPOV (b. 1977), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony

Irek TAGIROV (b. 1989), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 14 years in penal colony)

Rustem ISMAILOV (b. 1984), resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 13.5 years in penal colony

Arsen ABKHAIROV (b, 1985), resident of Crimea; in jail since 2019, sentenced to 13 years of imprisonment

Timur GADIEV (b. 1992), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Nematzhon ISROILOV (b. 1968), resident of Crimea, citizen of Kyrgyzstan; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Rinat KHANNANOV (b. 1986), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Emil SHANGAREEV (b. 1993), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Azat ZAGIEV (b. 1990), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Aleksandr KORNEV (b. 1987), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Ilmir MOTYGULLIN (b. 1988), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Riza OMEROV (b. 1988), Crimean Tatar activist, citizen of Ukraine and Russia; in jail since 2019, sentenced to 13 years in jail

Edem SMAILOV (b. 1968), resident of Crimea; in jail since 2018, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Radik VALIAKHMETOV (b. 1985), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Ural YAKUPOV (b. 1991), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Server ZEKIRYAEV (b. 1973), activist of Crimean Tatar organization Crimean Solidarity; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 13 years in penal colony)

Uzeir ABDULLAEV (b. 1974), Crimean Tatar community activist; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 12.5 years in penal colony

Eskender ABDULGANIEV (b. 1997), resident of Crimea, in jail since 2019, sentenced to 12 years of imprisonment

Vadim DAVLETBAEV (b. 1992), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Emir-usein KUKU (b. 1976); a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Vadim SIRUK (b. 1989), a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Elmar MAMEDOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Nail MINIAKHMETOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Isya RAGIMOV (b. 1970), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Sardorbek SIDDIKOV (b. 1981), citizen of Uzbekistan residing in Moscow; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Yaroslav TIMOFEYEV (b. 1996), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Artur VALOV (b. 1987), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Niyaz ZIYATTINOV (b. 1987), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Aider SALEDINOV (b. 1975), activist of the Crimean Tatar national movement; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 11.5 years in penal colony

Emil DZHEMADENOV (b. 1980), resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 11.5 years in penal colony

Altynbek ABDYMANAP (b. 1994), citizen of Kyrgyzstan, resident of Moscow; in jail since 2017, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Fanis AKHMETSHIN (b. 1963), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Danil BAGAUTDINOV (b. 1985), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Sobirdzhon BURKHONIDDINI (b. 1991), citizen of Tajikistan residing in Moscow; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Murodzhon SATTOROV (b. 1992), citizen of Tajikistan residing in Moscow; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Ural GALIEV (b. 1994), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Radik IMANGULOV (b. 1973), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Azizbek INAMOV (b. 1977), in jail since 2012, sentenced to 11 years

Otabek ISOMADINOV (b. 1989), citizen of Uzbekistan residing in Moscow; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Radik KHAIRUTDINOV (b. 1986), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Aziz KHIDIRBAEV (b. 1983), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Farid MUSTAFAEV (b. 1987), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Artyom NAUMOV (b. 1990), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Alidzhon ODINAYEV (b. 1991), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Maksim PUYGIN (b. 1988), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Ilnaz SAFIULLIN (b. 1986), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Almaz USMANOV (b.1989), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Artur AKHMEDOV (b. 1982), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 10 years 6 months in penal colony

Ilgiz SALAKHOV (b. 1975), in jail since 2014, sentenced to 10.5 years in penal colony

Muso DZHALOLOV (b. 1976), citizen of Tajikistan; in jail since 2019, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony

Ruslan FATTAKHOV (b. 1980), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony)

Khotamzhon KARIMOV (b. 1981), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony

Radmir MAKSUTOV (b. 1984), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony

Farrukh MAMAYUSUPOV (b. 1987), in jail since 2016, charged with participation in three HuT meetings in Moscow, sentenced to 10 years in penal colony

Khiramagomed MAGOMEDOV (b. 1985), community activist; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 9 years in penal colony

Rustem ABILTAROV (b. 1979), a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 8 years 9 months in penal colony

Zevri ABSEITOV (b. 1975), a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 8 years 9 months in penal colony

Remzi MEMETOV (b. 1966), a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 8 years 9 months in penal colony

Rinat GALIULLIN (8 years of penal colony after 5 years of the same on identical charges and 1 year in pre-trial detention)

Refat ALIMOV (b. 1991), a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Rishat GIRFANOV (b. 1986), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Shamil ISMAILOV (b. 1973), in jail since 2013, sentenced to 8-year term

Danil KUNAKBAEV (b. 1975), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Rustem LATYPOV (b. 1976), head of the Research Center on Muslim Issues and member of the civilian law enforcement oversight agency of Bashkortostan; in jail since 2015, sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Vasily TKACHEV (b. 1982), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Denis ZAGITDINOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 8 years in penal colony

Marat DINDAROV (b. 1978), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 7 years in penal colony
Shamil FATALIEV (b. 1968), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 7 years in penal colony

Ramil GATAULLIN (b. 1987), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 7 years in penal colony

Arsen DZHEPPAROV (b. 1991); a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 7 years in penal colony

Rafis KHALILOV (b. 1976), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 6.5 years in penal colony

Danis ABDARAKHMANOV (b. 1979), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Ruslan FATKULLIN (b. 1983), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Radik KABIROV (b. 1975), in jail since 2015, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Farkhod NURMATOV (b. 1971), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Ibrakhim SHAVKATOV (b. 1994), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Islam AKHMEDOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 5.5 years in penal colony

Eldar MAMEDOV (b. 1981), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 5.5 years in penal colony

Maksim TSVETKOV (b. 1991), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 5.5 years in penal colony

Magomed AKHIMOV (b. 1986), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 5 years in penal colony

Aramis FAZYLOV (b. 1991), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 5 years in penal colony

Mirzobarot MIRZOSHARIPOV (b. 1973), citizen of Tajikistan; in jail since 2017, latest sentence to 5-year term in jail and penal colony combined

Timur SADYKOV (b. 1979), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 5 years in penal colony

Aziz YUSUFOV (b. 1985), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 5 years in penal colony

25 Crimean Tatar community activists in detention since 2019 and currently on trial in Simferopol, Crimea on charges of involvement with HuT and ‘planning a violent coup’ (most are members of Crimean Solidarity, a human rights organization):

Tofik ABDULGAZIEV (b. 1981)

Vladlen ABDULKADYROV (b. 1979)

Izzet ABDULLAEV (b. 1986)

Medzhit ABDURAKHMANOV (b. 1975)

Bilyal ADILOV (b. 1970)

Raim AIVAZOV (b. 1994)

Enver AMETOV (b. 1975)

Osman ARIFMEMETOV (b. 1985)

Farkhod BAZAROV (b. 1986)

Akim BEKIROV (b. 1988)

Remzi BEKIROV (b. 1985)

Dzhemil GAFAROV (b. 1962)

Servet GAZIEV (b. 1960)

Riza IZETOV (b. 1979)

Alim KARIMOV (b. 1994)

Yashar MUEDINOV (b. 1968)

Seiran MURTAZA (b. 1983)

Erfan OSMANOV (b. 1982)

Rustem SEITKHALILOV (b. 1984)

Seitveli SEITABDIEV (b. 1994)

Ruslan SULEIMANOV (b. 1983)

Eskender SULEIMANOV (b. 1973)

Rustem SHEIKHALIEV (b. 1979)

Shaban UMEROV (b. 1969)

Asan YANIKOV (b. 1986)

Four Crimeans (citizens of both Ukraine and Russia) in pre-trial detention in Alushta, Crimea, since 2019 on charges of involvement with HuT:

Eldar KANTIMIROV (b. 1980)

Lenur KHALILOV (b. 1967)

Ruslan MESUTOV (b. 1965)

Ruslan NAGAEV (b. 1964)

In pre-trial detention in Simferopol, Crimea since 2020 on charges of involvement with HuT:

Ismet IBRAGIMOV (b. 1988)

Three activists of the Crimean Solidarity organization, citizens of both Ukraine and Russia, in detention since 2020 and currently on trial in Bakhchisarai, Crimea, on charges of involvement with HuT:

Rustem SEITMEMETOV (b. 1973)

Osman SEITUMEROV (b. 1992)

Seitumer SEITUMEROV (b. 1988)

Under house arrest in Bakhchisarai, Crimea since 2020 and currently on trial on charges of involvement with HuT:

Amet SULEIMANOV (b. 1984), citizen of Ukraine and of Russia; activist of the Crimean Solidarity organization

In pre-trial detention in Chelyabinsk since 2019, on charges of involvement with HuT:

Ilfat GALIMOV (b. 1986); prosecution has requested a 13-year jail term

Rustam KHALIKOV (b. 1977); prosecution has requested a 14-year jail term

In pre-trial detention in Kazan on charges of involvement with HuT:

Marsel GIMALIEV (b.1981), former head of a regional Islamic human rights center; was detained for participation in HuT for the first time in 2007; subjected to compulsory psychiatric treatment in 2009-15; in jail since 2020; disabled due to injuries sustained during a failed attempt to flee from arrest

In detention and on trial in Rostov-on-Don on charges of involvement with HuT:

Vadim BEKTEMIROV (b. 1981), resident of Crimea, citizen of Russia and Ukraine; in jail since 2020

13 residents of Moscow and Orenburg Region, convicted of alleged involvement with Tablighi Jamaat (‘The Preachers’ Society’):

Islambek KAMCHYBEKOV (b. 1987), citizen of Kyrgyzstan; in jail since 2016, sentenced to 6.5 years in penal colony

Shakir KOZHAMKULOV (b. 1984), in jail since 2016, sentenced to 6.5 years in penal colony

Kanybek SUYUNDUK (b. 1980), citizen of Kyrgyzstan, in jail since 2016, sentenced to 6.5 years in penal colony

Aleksandr SHUDOBAEV (b. 1956), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 6.5 years of imprisonment

Konstantin DOROKHIN (b. 1978), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2.5 years of imprisonment

Rifat KHABIBULLIN (b. 1969), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2.5 years of imprisonment

Kanat KRUSHENOV (b. 1976), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2.5 years of imprisonment

Rakhimzhan AIMUKHAMEDOV (b. 1966), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment

Yerzhan AITOV (b. 1976), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment

Tulegen AKBATYROV (b. 1989), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment

Talgat SATUBALDIN (b. 1989), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment

Vyacheslav SEMAKIN (b. 1976), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment

Dilmurat UMEROV (b. 1963), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment

Two individuals convicted of alleged involvement with Jamaat Hizmet (‘Society of Service’), an association, according to the prosecution inspired by the ideas of Fethullah Gulen:

Azamat ABUTALIPOV (b. 1988), in jail since 2017, sentenced to 4 years in penal colony

Aivar KHABIBULIN (b. 1987), sentenced to 2 years 3 months in penal colony

Yevgeny KIM (b. 1974), born in Uzbekistan, Russian citizen since 2006; in jail since 2015, was sentenced for 3 years 9 moths in penal colony for alleged establishment of a group of the Nurjular (Nurcular) organization; stripped of the Russian citizenship upon release in 2019 which made him stateless; and placed in immigration detention where he has been kept since then; officially in process of readmission to Uzbekistan, detention extended to the end of June 2021

14 individuals in jail since 2013 and convicted of allegedly planning a terrorist act in a movie theater in Moscow (according to the Memorial Human Rights Center, weapons and explosives were planted on them during search, and they were persecuted solely because of their religion):

Tadzhib MAKHMUDOV (b. 1982), sentenced to 13 years in penal colony

Imran TEKILOV (b. 1991), sentenced to 12 years in penal colony

Anzor TEKILOV (b. 1988; his brother), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Artur TEKILOV (b. 1990; their brother), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Tagir AKHTAKHANOV (b. 1980), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Inyal BALAKADASHEV (b. 1987), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Nurmagomed BALAKADASHEV (b. 1983; his brother), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Sergey CHEPRASOV (b. 1990), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Khoso ESMURZAEV (b. 1976), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Matlyuba NASIMOVA (b. 1980), citizen of Uzbekistan, sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Islam RAMAZANOV (b. 1989), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Ersmak SARALIEV (b. 1959), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Adam SHAVKHALOV (b. 1981), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Aslan SULEIMANOV (b. 1990), sentenced to 11 years in penal colony

Nine individuals convicted of alleged involvement in the terrorist explosion in St. Petersburg subway in 2017 (according to Memorial Human Rights Center, there was no evidence presented that proved their involvement and the evidence presented was entirely fabricated by the authorities); all have been in jail since 2017:

Mukhammadyusup ERMATOV (b. 1991), citizen of Kyrgyzstan; sentenced to 28 years in penal colony

Ibragimzhon ERMATOV (b. 1993; his brother), citizen of Kyrgyzstan; sentenced to 27 years in penal colony

Sodik ORTIKOV (b. 1978), citizen of Tajikistan; sentenced to 22 years in penal colony

Shokhista KARIMOVA (b. 1971), citizen of Uzbekistan; sentenced to 20 years in penal colony

Ahzamzhon MAKHMUDOV (b. 1994), citizen of Uzbekistan; sentenced to 20 years in penal colony

Makhamadyusuf MIRZAALIMOV (b. 1985), sentenced to 20 years in penal colony

Dilmurod MUIDINOV (b. 1997), citizen of Kyrgyzstan; sentenced to 20 years in penal colony

Bakhrom ERGASHEV (b. 1978), citizen of Kyrgyzstan; sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

Saifilla KHAKIMOV (b. 1978), citizen of Kyrgyzstan; sentenced to 19 years in penal colony

B) JEHOVAH’S WITNESSES – banned in Russia as ‘extremist’ (60 individuals):

Aleksandr IVSHIN (b. 1957), in jail since 2021, sentenced to 7.5 years in penal colony

Viktor STASHEVSKY (b. 1966), a resident of Crimea, in jail since 2021, sentenced to 6.5 years in penal colony

Roman BARANOVSKY (b. 1974), in jail since 2021, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Valentina BARANOVSKAYA (b. 1951; his mother), in jail since 2021, sentenced to 2 years in penal colony

Dennis Ole CHRISTENSEN (b. 1972), citizen of Denmark, in jail since 2017, sentenced to 6 years of imprisonment, the most severe punishment imposed on a Jehovah’s Witness at the time (2019); as stated by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet, this sentencing ‘creates a dangerous precedent, and effectively criminalises the right to freedom of religion or belief for Jehovah’s Witnesses in Russia – in contravention of the State’s obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights’.

Sergey FILATOV (b. 1972), a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2020, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Artyom GERASIMOV (b. 1985), a resident of Crimea; in jail since 2020, sentenced to 6 years in jail

Sergey KLIMOV (b. 1970), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Yury SAVELYEV (b. 1954), in jail since 2018, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Andrey STUPNIKOV (b. 1973), in jail since 2021, sentenced to 6 years in penal colony

Andrey ANDREEV (b. 1976), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 4.5 years in penal colony

Sergey BRITVIN (b. 1965), in jail or under house arrest since 2018, sentenced to 4 years in penal colony

Vadim LEVCHUK (b. 1972), in jail or under house arrest since 2018, sentenced to 4 years in penal colony

Alexey BUDENCHUK (b. 1982), in jail intermittently since 2018, sentenced to 3.5 years in jail

Oleg DANILOV (b. 1974), in jail since 2021, sentenced to 3 years in penal colony

Sergey POLYAKOV (b. 1972), in jail since 2020, sentenced to 3 years in penal colony

Andrey RYSHKOV (b. 1987), in jail since 2020, sentenced to 3 years in penal colony

Aleksandr SHCHERBINA (b. 1976), in jail since 2021, sentenced to 3 years in penal colony

Rustam SEIDKULIEV (b. 1977), in jail since 2021, sentenced to 2.5 years in penal colony

Artyom BAGRATYAN (b. 1972), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2.5 years in penal colony

Alevtina BAGRATYAN (b. 1977; his wife), in jail or under house arrest since 2019, sentenced to 2 years in penal colony

Gennady GHERMAN (b. 1969), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment

Roman GRIDASOV (b. 1978), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years of imprisonment

Alexey MIRETSKY (b. 1975), in jail since 2019, sentenced to 2 years in penal colony

Currently in pre-trial detention:

Arsen AVANESOV (b. 1983), in jail since 2019

Vilen AVANESOV (b. 1952), Arsen Avanesov’s father, in jail since 2019

Andrey BOCHKARYOV (b. 1975), in jail since 2020

Rustam DIAROV (b. 1973), in jail since 2020

Alexey DYADKIN (b. 1989), in jail since 2020

Alexey GORELY (b. 1980), in jail since 2020

Yevgeny IVANOV (b. 1976), in jail since 2020

Sergey KLIKUNOV (b. 1975), in jail since 2020

Yevgeny KOROTUN (b. 1970), under house arrest or in jail since 2020

Nikita MOISEYEV (b. 1990), in jail since 2020

Aleksandr PARKOV (b. 1967), in jail since 2019

Vladimir POPOV (b. 1967), in jail since 2020

Yevgeny RAZUMOV (b. 1979), in jail since 2020

Konstantin SANNIKOV (b. 1970), in jail since 2020

Oleg SHIDLOVSKY (b. 1969), in jail since 2020

Alexey UKHOV (b. 1980), in jail since 2020

Yevgeny ZHUKOV (b. 1969), in jail since 2020

Currently under house arrest:

Marat ABDULGALIMOV (b. 1991), in jail or under house arrest since 2019

Arsen ABDULLAEV (b. 1979), in jail or under house arrest since 2019

Albert BATCHAEV (b. 1976), in jail or under house arrest since 2019

Aleksandr BONDARCHUK (b. 1974), under house arrest since 2019; prosecution is seeking 5-year term in penal colony

Leisan BOCHKARYOVA (b. 1981; wife of Andrey Bochkaryov), under house arrest since 2020

Anton DERGALYOV (b. 1985), in jail or under house arrest since 2019

Tatiana GALKEVICH (b. 1959), in jail or under house arrest since 2019

Olga IVANOVA (b. 1982; wife of Yevgeny Ivanov), in jail or under house arrest since 2020

Maria KARPOVA (b. 1980), in jail or under house arrest since 2020

Taras KUZIO (b. 1978), a resident of Crimea, in jail or under house arrest since 2021

Vladimir MALADYKA (b. 1963), a resident of Crimea, in jail or under house arrest since 2020

Tatiana OBIZHESTVIT (b. 1962), under house arrest since 2020

Sergey OGANYAN (b. 1986), in jail or under house arrest since 2020

Gennady POLYAKEVICH (b. 1959), in jail or under house arrest since 2020

Vladimir SAKADA (b. 1972), a resident of Crimea; in jail or under house arrest since 2020

Igor SHMIDT (b. 1972), a resident of Crimea; in jail or under house arrest since 2020

Valentina VLADIMIROVA (b. 1956), in jail or under house arrest since 2019

Andrey VLASOV (b. 1968), in jail or under house arrest since 2020

Sergey YAVUSHKIN (b. 1960), under house arrest since 2019; prosecution is seeking 5-year term in penal colony

(In May 2020, the UN Human Rights Council’s Working Group on Arbitrary Detention ruled that the deprivation of liberty of Aleksandr Bondarchuk, Tatiana Galkevich, Valentina Vladimirova, Sergei Yavushkin, along with 14 other Jehovah’s Witnesses who have since been released, was in contravention of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and urged Russia’s authorities to ensure their immediate release and ‘to take appropriate measures against those responsible for the violation of their rights’.)

C) CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY (1 person)

In pre-trial detention:

Ivan MATSITSKY (b. 1975), head of the Church of Scientology in St.Petersburg, in jail since 2021

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